Major Dialects of Greece's Historical &
Literary Ages of the 1st Millennium BCE
By Continuation of the Home Page........
Mentor in his prehistoric times was a subject of Helen, serving her as a plenipotentiary from her sacral and royal ascension at the age of 17. As Wanassa and Queen Holy Matriarch of the Wild, her "nation" or native race, as passed to her matrilineally from her natural mother Nemesis, was identified as Highlanders.
At his age 12 Mentor's father Alkimos passed his care and further tulage to the sovereign charity of Laertes, the father of Odysseus. That son, his best friend of a long lifetime, enhanced Laertes' capacity to teach Mentor at ministerial governance, commerce diplomacy and at bureaucratic regime. At the last he was deemed exemplary, whereby an almost perfect on-the-job training. It made Mentor literate; his story at the learning of writ by syllabary is how the Bardot Group tells the story about composition to writ by that form of writing. Thereby a small lad became the able ward of the House of Cephalos, a dynasty which was named so upon the accession of the third direct successor by patrilineage from the founder of House, Cephalos. The title of Wanax became hereditary, therefore, whereby Odysseus could pass it on to Telemachus as sole scion. All successions, including Odysseus', had required service to a co-regency of father and son, by taking on the junior titles of Fleetmaster and Sea Wanax of the Isles. Before Odysseus, all high chieftains or medoi and wanakes, including the founder Cephalos himself by the former title, earned their autocratic war powers and tutelary majesty by appointment of female elders of "sacral and first estate." Therebythey were home lord protectors over a matriarchate of many dominions, all lands and demesnes within which were inalienable or indivisible by the amassed usufruct of all yeomanry attached to a "First Estate." Those subjects of social contract composed the offshore islanders of the Echinades isles("the Pricklies"), as did the mainlanders along their opposite shorelines upon both divisions of the western Greek Peninsula.
Based upon feedback to this website, we have redacted away the biographer Mentor's background and life study. Out books shall reveal him episodically instead. We examine him continuously for his literary utility to the Bardot Group from the late 1920s to the early 1960s; and also thereafter, for how he has shaped Bardot Books as a publisher of several serializations, all protohistories, as academic expository fiction. For Mentor is himself an academic fiction as the Bardot Group's contemporary narrator of the Early Greek Myths. Upon their personages we've affixed events to their period settings. Their lives range from end of the 15th Century BC to just after the 13th Century BC. It's important to mention here that the Bardot Group has mostly passed on, whereas its in-house publications via symposia are all that's left to the publisher of Bardot Books. That we lack formal bibliography to pass onward from one high profesoriat to the next may greatly upset scholars who deem themselves "masters of historical science."
We can't feel as upset as they are. Earliestscholars of the Bardot Group were forensic scientists and investors of the tools that objectify the science of history. We remain highly respectful of the most conservative practice of academics, that Ancient Greek History begins with whatever its has of retentive history per se. What begun with epic recital by Homer and with expository recitation by Hesiod; what was maintained by the Lyric Age through versification, after many revisions of its now mostly lost writ, we also adhere to fastidiously. We replant the wisdom, nonetheless, of the best ever exemplars by academia, that classical studies has always been about substantive efforts that synthesize off several, even many bold analyses. From those disciplinary tracts, without attribution, we can contrive an entire synthesis of the Late Aegean Bronze Age. About the eastern Mediterranean in a much broader sense of Anatolian and Levantine civilization,besides the Minoan and Mycenaean, so much of the modern academic consensus is now about facts composed from fiction which have guided the pillars of the forensic sciences.
We now can know with confidence about just whom lived where and for how long approximately they lived. We know who were composites of several lives as one lifetime of exceeding age at death. We can define how all the personages of myth became a single and symbiotic ethnicity of many large, variously confederated regions, that can be dubbed correctly, even if still incompletely, "earliest Greek." Mentor speaks for all his contemporaries as a Greek himself, if not fyet a fullest forged man of composite ethnicities. The ruthless Dorians and Achaeans of the Iron Age must come after his lifetime, and afterwards, too, the full onset of the Greek Dark Age. He's also the personification of Earliest Greek Mythology, for how it can be known from a duration of the Great Oral Tradition's zenith from 1450 BC to 1190 BC. Most classical studies buffs can agree there began at the last date a depletion of any new repository of recent lore and new legend by surviving masters at writ. The Iron Age began with a regression of literacy and recitative tradition; both became rarest evocations by scribes and archivists who found refuge and barest subsistence among themselves. They lived at out-stations, upon offshore islands of Anatolia. There they secured their masteries through their student copyists, whereby the replication of much lost writ by entablature.
What was lost of writ was still recited, however: What was comparable to what we've produced as Mentor endured, therefore, until the invention of alphabetic writ. Its scribes copied recitative art into compositions that brought conventions of writing from syllabaries to a comparable orthography of alphabetic scripture. Mentor, therefore, is the personification of that surviving mastery as written in the dialect of Arkadia brought to Cyprus Island of the Eastern Mediterranean. There were some differences of spoken inflection that deviated from the Linear B entablature that Michael Ventris decoded in 1954, and which John Chadwick proofed as a coherent philology by 1957.
Homer supposedly could not read scripted syllabaries - he was blind -, but he could hear ther recitals with the aid of their composers or their desciples. What he heard was so copious and inspirational as preserved recitation that we conclude that his own robust recitals further induced a brief renaissance by which the 8th century BC ended. At the very end of that century, according to new dating analysis, their emerged the epic masterpieces of Homer, but only as bardic or religious festival recital. In the early part of a still mostly illiterate new millennium, by masterful redaction of all recitals known to Homer as he'd heard them, the memories of the Greeks became so precise that scribes of talent with the new alphabet could commit spoken words to manuscipts. Surviving copies date to the 6th century BC. The aetiological compositions of Hesiod came after Homer's epic recitals. They may have been by writ of alphabetical compositions by his own hand. If not so immediately composed, the content of his writ became true scipture once the finally composed Greek, by subsequently introduced ethnicities, sought to bring unified beliefs in shared religion to an orthodox exposition of its polytheism.
While this brief history of the transition from syllabaric to alphabetic writ invites considerable expanded disquisition, allow here a simplification. By the time scribes later than Mentor brought the GOT to the renewed general literacy of the Phoenicians and the Greeks, most scholars count five centuries of pervasive illiteracy. That has to stand as a firm span, although we know of other language writing in syllabary that has yet to be decoded.
[[[[[[[Mentor, therefore, is the personification of the last and greatest literacy by the Bronze Age Greeks. What he most emphatically was not, but his few desciples became instead, was any personification of a literate Iron Age Greek. Very likely he would have found the much later Greeks repulsive to his own acculturation as brought eastward with the gloam of an incipient dark age to Philistia of the Levant. As a proponent of highly civilized matriarchy, moreover, he would have abhorred what later patriarchy defined to be by those later Greeks at their mid-millennium.
Suffice, therefore to say, Bardot Books is just a continuation of robust syntheses that Mentor enables for our readers as drwan from his fictionalized personification of all earliest Greeks. From much that was once deemed probable, even certain - but wrongly adjudged so - his ets the likely record right. The oldest Greeks were likely far better prehistorians that the Greeks of the 1st millennium BC. mentor is our attestation that they were just so. Sic transit gloria, therefore, to the entire body of mythical analyses, literary or otherwise, about their adduced mythography of the 2nd millennium BC. No longer can we equate Mentor with those Greeks of "the Preclassical Tradition." By contrast, moreover, much that was once dismissed as unverifiable, or shunned as pagan and utterly fantastic nonsense, has proven since to reproduce through fresh analysis to be good working hypotheses. off the, by rules ably discerned, the historicity of oldest mythical recitals is rediscoverable as well. As we gain our way far back into the geneses of legend and lore that's biographical about dynasts, hereoes and heroines, we've discovered that the originators of such recital aimed towards highly evolved presentations of whatever lay hidden or by latent traces behind the finally wrought mythography. From the most copious lore by anthologies of such mythography by Grimmal, Graves and Gantz, after well ruled sorting out of what's fictional accretion, deliberate pseudo-history, incomplete genealogies or suppositional, overly anachonistic interpretation of mythical recitation, we can affix those personages to what modern forensic science has established about the places where they lived and about the peoples over whom they ruled.
Alkimos, the highland father of Mentor, earned over his lifetime the appellation of Herakles. That's not to mean he was the Herakles, the paragon of the Greek's Heroic Age, whom the Roman Mythology would call Hercules. That Herakles Mentor always has, instead, as Alkaios Son of Amphitryon & Alkmenë. Rather, the name for his father was honorific, an agnomen, such as was several times granted, each generation at a time, to the greatest men by the Highlanders' nation race (genos). Sometimes, as with Alkaios, the ganomen was granted to persons adopted by their race despite the foreign origins for their lifetimes. We can say of all persons recipient of the honorific Herakles, the Highlanders within the wilderness wilds of the interior Greek Peninsula have them as importantly protagonist to their own prehistory within the Late Helladic Period, sub parte the LABA entire.
Alkimos concluded his life as a distinguished Ephor of the Highlanders, by which unique position he enthused at the integration of the oldest indigenous pre-Hellenes with the many littoral and lowland kingdoms whom we deem the earliest Greeks per se. The most part of Alkimos' and Mentor's nation race (genos) had been subjugated by patriarchal and dynastic incursions since 1625 BCE. Much else about the Master's father is too obscure to know well, especially about his prime years; but Mentor's Second Royal Chronicle has Alkimos in always close alliance with both Nestor, from after thr son-of-Neleus became the newly acceded Wanax of Messenia, and also with Laërtes, the 2nd Wanax of the Cephallenes and most famously, too, the sire of Odysseus with whom his son was befriended.
The impetus of the western Greek tripartite alliance was twofold, beginning with a single year’s campaign to eradicate squatters and brigand raiders from the west slope of the Pholoë Mountains. There, where the northwest shoulder of the Peloponnesus, the alliance faced the Brothers Molione, the Sons of Actor, whose acts of atrocity Alkimos had to thwart. That campaign ended when divine agency - so seeming - helped the Brothers escape a full eradication by the Highlanders as abetted ruthlessly by Messenians and Cephallenes. The second campaign ended early with a treated trial by combat, between Nestor and Ereuthalion, a champion for the Epeian Tribe of Elaea. Treated thereby was a dispute of lands by longstanding, even if wrongly asserted claims of sole territorial possession of the Peneios River Basin (A river of the Peloponnesus of an iflection close to that of the Peinios River of Thessaly).
Nestor won that treated warfare to end the campaign. The territory under dispute became Tripylia (or Triphylia, sometimes since known), where situates the hallowed Olympia Plain, the future site of the Ancient Olympiads. Following the triumph, Mentor was served opportunity of observing the famous scribes at the Wanaktora (Palace of the Wanax) of Nestor, at modern Chora of Messenia, where he learned their writ by syllabary for a first time. He must have had a great knack for it, too: The three principals to the successful coalition decided that Nestor should spend a winter at the instruction of Mentor, to be followed by six years of tutelage under Laërtes at Ithaca Isle. There his great friendship with Odysseus burgeoned, whereas the generous affections of the wanassa Anticleia supplemented a most satisfactory tutelage by her husband Laërtes. They ended up adopting Mentor as a Ward-of-House - with, of course, the active encouragement of his father Alkimos.
Mentor would go on to father a greatest ever syllabary for the composition of dictated declamation. By that task of a lifetime evolved a most effective replication of Greek’s oldest dialect of formal speech, by the then so-called "High Court Mycenaean." It would evolve into Arcado-Cypriot (refer to the illustration above for the range of the Arkadian Dialect), which the Bardot Group holds as the underlying dialect of the first ever alphabetic renditions of Greek. The evolution was incubated from his syllabary and passed by diffusion during the Trojan War Aftermath to the Cypriotes of Alashiya Island (a precursor name to Cyprus). Once the alphabet was established off the orthography of the earliest Phoenicians, its usage swept back and upon the Greek Peninsula & Archipelago.
"A Life ill-destined for renown has said about lives - now known so well and deemed immortal to our own times - that would, without it, die foreverand hereafter."
Telemechaus, in epitaph of his childhood tutor, also a greatest friend of his father Odysseus, circa 1232 BCE