Major Dialects of Greece's Historical &
Literary Ages of the 1st Millennium BCE
Mentor in his own prehistoric times was a subject of the illustrious Helen, serving her as a plenipotentiary from the year of her sacral and royal ascension to Queen Holy Matriarch at her age of 17. As “Wanassa of the Wilderness Wilds, wherein her "nation" or native race, the Highlanders afforded her the solemn matrilineal title of her natural mother Nemesis. As characterized for Bardot Books, he’s the sleuth of all that can presently be known about the 13th and 14th centuries BC.
At his age 12 Mentor's father Alkimos passed Mentör’s care and further tutelage to the sovereign charity of Laertes, the father of Odysseus. That son, Mentör’s best friend over their long lifetimes, enhanced Laertes' capacities to teach a precocious lad his own ministerial governance, his commerce diplomacy and the ins and outs of bureaucratic regime. At the last Laërtes was deemed exemplary, especially at naval administration and logistics. Thereby, in deed, the almost perfect on-the-job training of the young Highlander. First it made Mentor literate. His story at the learning of writ by syllabary is our story within all our stories, and how the Bardot Group tells about composition to writ by that oldest form of writing Greek. Thereby, too, a small lad became the able ward of the House of Cephalos, a dynasty which was named upon the accession of Odysseus, the third direct successor by patrilineage from the founder of House, Cephalos. The title of Wanax came later, and then became hereditary, whereby Odysseus could pass his sovereignty on to Telemachus, a sole scion by his great mother Penelopë.
By Mentör, we learn. all royal successions, including Odysseus', had required service to a co-regency of father and son, by taking on the junior titles of Fleetmaster and Sea Wanax of the Isles. Before Odysseus, all high chieftains/medoi and wanakes, including the founder Cephalos himself by the former title, earned their autocratic war powers and tutelary majesty by appointment of female elders of "sacral and first estate." Thereby they were home lord protectors over a matriarchate of many dominions within which lands were held inalienable or indivisible by the amassed usufruct of common order tenants attached to the "First Estate" of highest womanhood. Those subjects of social contract composed the offshore islanders of the Echinades isles ("the Pricklies"), as did their mainlander counterparts along the shorelines of both the major divisions of the western Greek Peninsula.
Mentor, a Real Personage out of Epic Literature, 1285 – 1202 BC
Based upon feedback to this website, we have redacted away the biographer Mentor's background and life study. Our books reveal him episodically instead. We examine him continuously for his literary utility to the Bardot Group from the late 1920s to the early 1960s; and also thereafter, for how he has shaped Bardot Books as a publisher of several serializations, all protohistories, as academic expository fiction. For Mentor is himself, by our characterization, an academic fiction as the Bardot Group's contemporary narrator of the Early Greek Myths. Upon their personages we've affixed events to their period settings, even to dating most of them through THE LABA TABULATED (a title upon our Home Page, above). The lives of such key persons ranged from end of the 15th Century BC to just after the 13th Century BC. It's important to mention here, as well, that the Bardot Group has mostly passed on, whereas its in-house publications, cumulative via symposia, are all that's left to the Publisher of Bardot Books. That we lack formal bibliography to pass onward from one high professoriat to the next may greatly upset scholars who deem themselves our present "masters of historical science."
We can't feel as upset as they are. Earliest scholars of the Bardot Group were forensic scientists and investors in the tools and technologies that have objectified the science of ancient history. We remain highly respectful of the most conservative practice of academics, by their tenet that Ancient Greek History begins with whatever it has of any retentive history per se. What begun with epic recital by Homer and with expository recitation by Hesiod, and what was maintained by the Lyric Age through versification, we also adhere to fastidiously. We replant the wisdom, nonetheless, of the best ever exemplars by academia, that classical studies has always been about substantive efforts that synthesize off several, even many bold analyses. From those disciplinary tracts, albeit without attribution, we can and have contrived an entire synthesis of the Late Aegean Bronze Age. About the Eastern Mediterran-ean, in a broadest sense of Anatolian and Levantine civilization, we have rendered the Minoan and Mycenaean Age much more robust, until the modern academic consensus is now about facts composed to fiction even as guided by the modern pillars of the forensic sciences.
Through Mentör’s recitations to writ, we now can know with confidence about just whom lived where and for how long they lived. We know who were composites of several lives as one lifetime brought to exceeding age at death. We can define how all the personages of myth became a single and symbiotic ethnicity of many large, variously confederated regions, that can be dubbed correctly, even if still incompletely, "earliest Greek." Mentor speaks for all his contemporaries as a Greek himself, if not yet a fullest forged man by his own composite ethnicities. The ruthless Dorians and Achaeans of the Iron Age would come after his lifetime’s end, and afterwards, too, the full onset of the Greek Dark Age. He's also the personification of Earliest Greek Mythology, for how it can be known from a duration of the Great Oral Tradition's zenith from 1450 BC to 1190 BC. Most classical studies buffs can agree there began at that last date a depletion of orally transmitted prehistory. The Iron Age began, therefore, with a regression of literacy and a rhapsodic recitative tradition; both became rarest evocations by scribes and archivists who found refuge and barest subsistence among themselves along the west coast of Anatolia. They lived at out-stations, or upon the offshore islands of the Anatol. There they perpetuated their own masteries through their student copyists, whereby the replication of so much lost writ by in fired entablature.Afterwards of Mentör’s Lifetime
That was lost of writ to the Greek Dark Age was still recited, however: What was comparable to what we've produced through Mentor endured, just barely, until the invention of alphabetic writ in the 8th century BC. Scribes by remaining literate legacies copied recitative art of their forbears into honest compositions that brought oldest conventions of writing from syllabaries to their own comparable orthography by alphabetic scripture. Mentor, therefore, is the personification of that surviving mastery as written in the dialect of Arkadia, which he also brought to Cyprus Island of the Eastern Mediterranean from before the Trojan War. There were some differences of spoken inflection that deviated from the Linear B entablature that Michael Ventris decoded in 1954, and which John Chadwick proofed as a coherent philology by 1957. The Bardot Group can insist, nonetheless, that Oldest Greek as euphonized through syllabaries became a base, or standardized language over late course of the Greek Dark Age and brief Greek Renaissance before the Lyric Age of Hellas.
Further to that assertion, Homer supposedly could not read scripted syllabaries. He was blind. Still, he could hear the recitals with the aid of their composing rhapsodists. What he heard was copious, inspirational and preservative of recitations that we now conclude to have been his own robust recitals further induced by a brief renaissance within the 8th century BC. At the very end of that century, according to new dating analysis, their emerged the epic masterpieces of Homer, but only as bardic entertainment for religious festival recital. In the early part of a still mostly illiterate new millennium, by masterful redaction of all prior recitals known to Homer as he'd heard them in live performance, the memories of the Greeks became so precise that scribes at talented employ of the new alphabet could commit spoken words to manuscripts. Surviving copies date as far back as the 6th century BC. The aetiological compositions of Hesiod, we’re still sure, came after Homer's epic recitals. They may have been by writ of his alphabetical composition, perhaps by his own hand. If not so immediately composed, the content of Hesiod’s writ became true scripture once a finally composed Greek language. Standardized for comprehension by commoners, but also for subsequently introduced ethnicities, priests and scribes sought together to bring unified beliefs, a shared religious experience of oldest culture, to an orthodox exposition of its polytheism.
While this brief history of the transition from syllabaric to alphabetic writ invites considerable expanded disquisition, allow here a last simplification. By the time scribes later than Mentör brought the GOT to the renewed general literacy of the Phoenicians and the Greeks, most scholars have to count five full centuries of a barely pervasive illiteracy. That has to stand as a firm span, although we know of other language writing in syllabary that has yet to be decoded.
Mentor, therefore, is the personification of a last and greatest literacy by the Bronze Age Greeks. What he most emphatically was not, but his few desciples became instead, was any personification of a literate Iron Age Greek. Very likely he would have found the much later Greeks repulsive to his own acculturation as brought eastward with the gloam of an incipient dark age. That culture might have passed down to Philistia of the Levant. As a proponent of highly civilized matriarchy, moreover, Mentör would have abhorred what the much later patriarchy defined to become by later Greeks within their mid-millennium of the First BC.
Mentör as a Literary Characterization
Suffice, therefore to say, Bardot Books is just a continuation of robust syntheses that Mentor has enabled for our readers as drawn from his fictionalized personification amidst other earliest Greeks. From much that was once deemed probable, even certain - but wrongly adjudged so - he sets the likely record right. The oldest Greeks were certainly far better prehistorians that the Greeks of the 1st millennium BC. Mentör is our attestation that they were just so. Sic transit gloria, therefore, to the entire body of ancient mythical analyses, literary or otherwise, about the mythography of the 2nd millennium BC. It tried to produce an honest historicity from the Great Oral tradition, unlike the mythographers of Classical Greek Mythology. No longer can we equate Mentor with any Greeks, ancient or since, by "the Preclassical Tradition." Moreover, much that was once dismissed as unverifiable, or shunned as pagan and utterly fantastic nonsense, has proven since to reproduce genuine historicity through fresh approaches to the well-known, best working hypotheses. By rules ably discerned, the historicity of oldest mythical recitals proves further discoverable as well. As we gain our way far back into the geneses of legend and lore and myth that's biographical about dynasts, heroes and heroines, supposed demi-gods and –goddesses, we've discovered that the originators of such recitals aimed towards highly evolved presentations of an atlas of places and their evolving times. Laid hidden or kept as latent traces behind the finally wrought mythography, so has accumulated most copious opera, and also anthologies of such mythography – by Grimmal, Graves and Gantz. After sorting out of what's fraudulent fictional accretion, or deliberate pseudo-history, or incomplete genealogies or suppositional patrilineage of mythic personages and their regions, Mentör reveals all overly anachronistic interpreta-tion of mythical recitations. Through him, we can affix those personages to what modern forensic science has established about the places where they lived, and about the popular ethnicities over whom they ruled.
Alkimos, the highland father of Mentor and another real person, earned over his lifetime the appellation of Herakles. That's not to mean he was the Herakles, the paragon of the Greek's Heroic Age within the Lyric Age. That Herakles, whom Roman Classical Mythology would call Hercules, Mentor always has, instead, the entirely mortal Alkeios Son of Amphitryon & Alkmenë. The honorific name for his father, therefore, was alike a Roman agnomen, such as was several times granted again, by each generation at a time in passing, whereby the greatest men deemed ever alive by the Highlanders to the benefit of their nation race (genos). Sometimes, as with Alkeios, the honorific was granted to persons adopted by or into their race despite the in disputable foreign origins to their lifetimes. We can say so of all persons recipient of the honorific Herakles, by grant of stature as demi-gods the Highlanders. Such outsiders as were brought amidst the wilderness wilds of the interior Greek Peninsula proved to have been important protagonists to their own prehistory within the Late Helladic Period, sub parte the LABA entire.
Alkimos concluded his life as a distinguished Ephor of the Highlanders, by which unique position he enthused over the integration of the oldest indigenous pre-Hellenes with the many littoral and lowland kingdoms whom we deem to have been the earliest Greeks per se.The most part of Alkimos' and Mentor's nation race (genos) had been subjugated to patriarchal and dynastic incursions since 1625 BCE. Much else about the Master's father is too obscure to know well, especially about his prime years; but Mentor's Second Royal Chronicle has Alkimos in always close alliance with both Nestor, when the newly acceded Wanax of Messenia, and with Laërtes, the Second Wanax over the Cephallenes—and most famously, too, the sire of Odysseus with whom his son Mentör was so strongly befriended.
The Highlanders of Alpine Central Greece and the Southland/Peloponnesus
The impetus of the western Greek tripartite alliance, to the credit of Alkimos, was twofold. It began with a single year’s campaign to eradicate squatters and brigand raiders from the west slope of the Pholoë Mountains. There, where the northwest shoulder of the Peloponnesus, the then informal alliance faced the Brothers Molionë, the Sons of Actor, whose atrocities Alkimos had to thwart. That campaign ended when divine agency - so seeming - helped the Brothers escape a full eradication by the Highlanders ably abetted by Messenes and Cephallenes. The second campaign ended early with a treated trial-by-combat, between Nestor and Ereuthalion, an appointed champion for the Epeian Tribe of Westlands’ Elaea. Treated thereby was a dispute of lands by longstanding, even if wrongly asserted, claims of sole territorial possession of the Peneios River Basin (A river of the Peloponnesus by an inflection close to that of the Peinios River of Thessaly).
Nestor won that treated warfare to end the campaign. The territory under dispute became Tripylia (or Triphylia, sometimes since known), where situates the hallowed Olympia Plain, the future site of the Ancient Olympiads. Following the triumph, Mentor was served opportunity of observing the famous scribes at the Wanaktora (Palace of the Wanax) of Nestor, at modern Chora of Messenia, where he learned their writ by syllabary for a first time. He must have had a great knack for it, too: The three principals to the successful coalition decided that Nestor should spend a winter at the instruction of the thirteen years old Mentör, to be followed by six years of tutelage under Laërtes at Ithaca Isle. There his great friendship begun over two years with Odysseus burgeoned, whereas the generous affections of the wanassa Anticleia supplemented the most satisfactory tutelage by her husband Laërtes. They ended up adopting Mentor as a Ward-of-House—with, of course, the active encouragement of his father Alkimos.
Mentor would go on to father a greatest ever syllabary for his compositions off dictated declamation. By that task of a lifetime evolved a most effective replication of Greek’s oldest dialect of formal speech, by the then so-called "High Court Mycenaean." It would evolve into Arcado-Cypriot (refer to the illustration above for the solely inland range of the original Arkadian Dialect), which the Bardot Group holds as the underlying dialect of Oldest Greek, whereby, too, the first ever alphabetic renditions of Greek. The evolution was incubated from his syllabary and passed by diffusion during the Trojan War Aftermath to the Cypriotes of Alashiya Island (a precursor name to Cyprus). Once the alphabet was established off the orthography of the earliest Phoenicians, its usage swept back and upon the Greek Peninsula & Archipelago as the precursor language of writ that became Homeric Greek.
As his late life tutelage of Telemachus son-of-Odysseus had long passed its end, his royal student is quoted to have said about Mentörcirca 1232 BC as follows:
"A Life ill-destined for renown has said about lives - now known so well and deemed immortal to our own times - that would, without it, die foreverand hereafter."
A proper epitaph for his childhood tutor, in honor of a greatest friend of his father Odysseus.